(European Starlings, American Robin, Cedar Waxwing, Crows and other)
Birds (European Starlings, American Robin, Cedar Waxwing, Crows and Others)
Damage: Berries have wedge- shaped punctures with sections of internal flesh missing.
Voles (Field Mice)
Damage: Voles feed on roots and crowns. Bushes are weakened and may appear stressed for water or nutrients. Young plants may die. Holes and tunnels in the soil within the row are the most visible sign of rodent activity.
Pest: Voles are rarely seen. They are dark brown, have short legs, a short tail, a rounded head and small ears and eyes.